Everyone wants vaccines to be perfect – and the COVID-19 ones nearly are. Only a tiny fraction of those who are vaccinated end up seriously ill from an infection.
But still, some fully vaccinated people will get sick, some will pass on the virus, and a very small number will die despite their shots.
“The efficacy of the vaccines in preventing hospitalizations and death is unbelievable,” said Carlos del Rio, an epidemiologist and distinguished professor of medicine at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. “It’s not 100%. But nothing in this world is 100%.”
At a time when the infection rate has doubled, many remain unvaccinated and the delta variant is vastly more contagious than the original, it’s important to recognize vaccines aren’t flawless, he and others said.
“I understand it’s kind of a tough pill to swallow for many people,” said Anthony Santella, a public health expert at the University of New Haven in Connecticut.
Several recent high-profile cases have brought public attention to the fact that people who are vaccinated can still catch the virus.
Last Thursday’s Yankees-Red Sox game was postponed because six Yankees – most, but not all, of whom were vaccinated – tested positive for the virus. At a homeless shelter in Northern California, a number of vaccinated residents tested positive during an ongoing outbreak. And six vaccinated members of the Texas Legislature, who had fled the state to prevent a vote on changes in the state’s election laws, have tested positive for the coronavirus in recent days.
The fourth wave of COVID-19 cases is here. Will we escape the UK’s fate? It’s too soon to know.
The common thread for all those infections was that they were caught by routine testing, not because people fell seriously ill, noted Ali Ellebedy, an immunologist at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
Of the more than 159 million fully vaccinated Americans as of July 12, a reported 5,492 have been hospitalized, and 791 have died related to symptomatic COVID-19, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
In May, the CDC stopped tracking all so-called breakthrough infections, focusing only on state and local health department reports of hospitalizations and deaths, so there’s no way to know how many infections there have been or whether they are increasing because of the delta variant.
Dr. Leana Wen, an emergency physician and former Baltimore health commissioner, called that decision “inexplicable.”
Without that data, she said, it’s impossible to know how many people are getting infected after vaccination, whether certain people, perhaps senior citizens, are more vulnerable to breakthrough infections, and how easy it is for people who have been vaccinated and then infected to pass on the infection to others.
“We just don’t know the answers to these questions, and that is really preventing clinicians from giving good guidance to our patients,” she said.
Breakthrough cases of COVID-19 are growing probably because more virus is circulating, not because vaccines don’t work against the delta variant, which now accounts for more than half the infections in the United States, experts say.
Vaccines remain effective against severe disease from the delta variant, said Ellebedy, who studies the body’s response to vaccination.
But the variant is vastly more contagious than the original virus, so the unvaccinated are particularly vulnerable.
“If you’re vaccinated, you should not worry about the delta variant,” del Rio said. “If you’re not vaccinated, you are really in trouble because it’s likely that you will get infected.”
Range of protection
Even healthy people respond differently to vaccination, so it is normal to see variation in protection among the vaccinated, Ellebedy said.
For 95 people out of 100, vaccines from Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna will provide effective protection.
The problem is, it’s essentially impossible to figure out ahead of time who is most vulnerable. Certain factors like age, obesity and lung disease increase the risk of serious disease if someone is infected. So does the load of virus they inhale and what medications they’re taking, he said.
Some people will test positive for the virus despite vaccination, but the immune protection they received will keep virtually all those people from getting seriously ill.
Vaccination also makes people less likely to shed large amounts of virus, Ellebedy said, meaning they are less likely than an unvaccinated infected person to get someone else sick. Anything that decreases the amount of virus replicating itself in the respiratory tract will decrease the probability of passing on that virus, he said. “Transmission will decrease like everything else.”
And though the data remains thin, vaccination also likely protects against long-haul COVID-19, in which people have symptoms weeks or months after they clear their initial infection, said David Holtgrave, dean of the School of Public Health at the University at Albany, State University of New York.
“Long-haul symptoms in persons who are fully vaccinated may be theoretically possible but are likely rare given the overall effectiveness of the vaccines (after being fully vaccinated); however, we could use more data to know that for certain,” he said via email. “That is why we need this more robust national surveillance system.”
A previous coronavirus infection provides some protection against the delta variant, but someone who got COVID-19 months ago might not have enough of an immune response left, del Rio said.
“My advice if you have been infected, is you should trust your natural immunity for about three months. But after three months, you should get vaccinated,” he said.
People who were infected and then vaccinated are probably well-protected. Ellebedy said.
Context also matters, Ellebedy and others said. Someone who is vaccinated and who lives in a community with a high vaccination rate and a low infection rate probably can get away without a mask.
Ellebedy lives in Missouri, where infections have recently doubled and just 40% of the public is vaccinated. So he masks up in public, indoor places.
While the CDC said mask-wearing isn’t mandatory except in medical and transportation settings, numerous experts told USA TODAY it’s a good idea to wear a mask in indoor settings with people who are possibly unvaccinated.
Wearing a mask on top of being vaccinated is the safest way to avoid getting infected or passing on the virus to someone whose weakened immune system prevented them from getting full protection from the vaccine.
“Everyone should closely look at the environment where they are,” Ellebedy said. “Delta unfortunately has brought these doubts back again.”
In the United States, infections have more than doubled since the week of June 22. Total cases have risen in all 50 states since last week, and deaths also are beginning to climb, although the infection rates remain 90% below what they were at the peak in January.
That puts vaccinated people at risk because there’s simply more virus out there, said Dr. George Rutherford, an infectious disease specialist at the University of California, San Francisco.
“The more people who are running around infectious, the more you, as someone who’s been vaccinated, are likely to come into contact with it,” he said
Unvaccinated are getting sick
At Staten Island University Hospital in New York, there are 15 COVID-19 patients, 13 of whom are unvaccinated, said Dr. Theodore Strange, the hospital’s chairman of medicine.
One of the vaccinated patients, a 93-year-old man with many other health problems, received his shots at the beginning of the year but may have had a weaker response because of his age and health, Strange said. The remaining vaccinated patient was hospitalized for something else and didn’t know they had COVID-19 until a coronavirus test came back positive.
Strange said his COVID-19 patients are about 10 years younger now than they were a year ago, with an average age of 55-60. Some are even younger, he said, rattling off ages: “29, 38, 42, 50.”
Vaccinations deserve the credit, he said, because about 70% of people on Staten Island over 65 are vaccinated, compared with 38% of those 40 and younger.
He’s disappointed more people haven’t been willing to be vaccinated, despite the risk of infection and of “being the bullet in the gun,” potentially bringing the virus home to older, more vulnerable relatives.
He related a conversation he had last week with a patient who didn’t want to be vaccinated. Strange had recently prescribed the man a medication with many more potential side effects than the vaccines.
“The pill I gave him was clearly more much poisonous than any vaccine,” Strange said, but the man didn’t want to take something he perceived as coming from the government.
Strange has been trying an individual approach to persuade people to get the shots, including visiting a local bowling alley, churches, park benches, “whatever it takes.”
But still, he said, the curve of coronavirus infections is very similar to the one followed by the 1918 flu, a pandemic that lasted three years.
“If we’re not going to avail ourselves of current technology and science,” he said, “then shame on us.”
Contributing: Mike Stucka
Health and patient safety coverage at USA TODAY is made possible in part by a grant from the Masimo Foundation for Ethics, Innovation and Competition in Healthcare. The Masimo Foundation does not provide editorial input.
This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: COVID after vaccine: Serious illness is rare with breakthrough cases
Where have all the workers gone?
It’s not often that economies face the disruption we’ve endured in the last year, and none of us should be surprised that it’s taking the labour market a while to settle down.
But some are wondering whether Covid is triggering an historic rebalancing of power between the bosses and the workers.
No-one in their right mind would compare Covid to the Black Death, which wiped out enough of the workforce in the 14th Century for peasant labour to be in short supply, with the result that farm wages rose by several tens of percent over the following years. Covid has certainly not disrupted employment in anything so direct a fashion.
But pandemics can accelerate social and economic change. In particular, in the last year, Covid has prompted many foreign workers in the UK to return home to sit things out. We can’t be sure all will choose to come back.
Anna Janczuk, the founder of a large Polish community organisation in Ealing, west London, told me that most of her close friends had moved back to Poland: “What they value is the close contact with their family. They re-evaluated their choices and priorities.”
Add Brexit into the equation, and the old assumption that companies can just hire extra people from Eastern Europe to fill any gaps can no longer be taken for granted.
Jobs in surburbia
Anecdotally, Covid has also led to more than a few people to think about what matters to them and to retire early or to leave employment to start a business of their own. Economic “inactivity” has risen during the pandemic, as data from the Office for National Statistics highlights.
These are all developments that make life harder for employers, who would thus expect to pay more to find the workers they need – not just for the pandemic, nor for the pingdemic, but for ever after.
James Reed, chairman of Reed, one of the UK’s biggest recruitment sites, told Radio 4’s PM programme that pay for jobs in hospitality and catering had gone up 18% on the jobs advertised on their sites, and 14% for all jobs paying £25,000 or less.
No wonder people have suggested that in a post-Brexit, post-Covid world, worker power is back.
However, there is another theory as to what has been going on: that we are simply in a temporary post-pandemic rut, and normal service will resume before long. On this account, we haven’t yet recovered from the spanner that Covid has thrown in the everyday workings of our labour market.
The argument goes like this: the pandemic has pulled the rug from certain kinds of activity, while pumping up demand elsewhere. It has switched demand for retail jobs to online shopping and delivery for example; it’s taken jobs from city centre sandwich shops and put them in to the suburbs where you find people working from home.
According to Baroness Minouche Shafik, former deputy governor of the Bank of England, this was evidence of a K-shaped recovery.
“Some sectors are growing fast and need to employ people – other sectors are in decline and are probably not going to rehire the people that they might have shed during the pandemic”, she said. “Furlough kept people in their current jobs as opposed to enabling people to move to where the jobs would be in future.”
While unusually large changes have occurred in working patterns, it’s easy to believe that furlough has put the labour market in suspended animation for much of the last year. The normal cogs that turn dying jobs into new ones have been thrown into a sticky syrup that has slowed everything down.
In an ordinary year, you might expect about one in ten workers to change jobs, with much more moving for the under-30s.
Who knows how many people who might have moved, felt it was better in 2020 to sit tight in a job – even on only 80% of normal pay in the Job Retention Scheme – than risking it and moving on elsewhere?
If this account is right, it implies there will be shortages in the growing sectors, who can’t get the staff, while workers bide their time before moving on.
Right now, I think it does make sense to assume this is what is happening: Unless there is a large permanent change to migration, we are simply in the pains of a pandemic exit right now, rather than an historic pivot towards labour.
The example of Covid disruption that struck me most, was on visiting haulage firm Youngs Transportation and Logistics, at Purfleet, Essex, where I spoke to director Rob Hollyman about the shortage of HGV drivers.
He told me there have long been shortages of drivers. But right now, while it takes as little as two weeks to train, there is a Covid-caused backlog of test slots. So even if someone wanted to get the licence, they’d have to wait.
We might still find there is a permanent fall-out from the pandemic – there may even be a change in the political climate around pay and conditions.
But all we know now is that it is a bumpy old time out there while workers and employers find their feet.
Arizona GOP’s ballot count ends, troubles persist
PHOENIX (AP) — Arizona Republicans’ partisan review of the 2020 election results got off to a rocky start when their contractors broke rules for counting ballots and election experts warned the work was dangerous for democracy.
When the auditors stopped the counting and returned the ballots this week, it hadn’t gotten better. In the last week alone, the only audit leader with substantial election experience was locked out of the building, went on the radio to say he was quitting, then reversed course hours later. The review’s Twitter accounts were suspended for breaking the rules. A conservative Republican senator withdrew her support, calling the process “botched.” And the lead auditor confirmed what was long suspected: that his work was almost entirely paid for by supporters of Donald Trump who were active in the former president’s movement to spread false narratives of fraud.
All this came nearly 100 days into a process that was supposed to take “about 60 days,” according to the Senate Republicans who launched it. And it’s not over yet. Contractors are now producing a report on the findings that could take weeks or more to write.
The turmoil casts even more doubt on the conclusions of what backers describe as a “forensic audit” but what experts and critics say is a deeply flawed, partisan process.
“Not even a shred of being salvaged at this point,” said Sen. Paul Boyer, the first Republican state senator to publicly come out against the audit in May. “They’ve botched it at so many points along the way that it’s irrecoverable.”
Boyer’s opposition became less lonely last weekend when another Republican, Sen. Michelle Ugenti-Rita, one of the Legislature’s strongest advocates for stricter voting laws, agreed that “the Trump audit” was “botched.” Along with all 14 Democrats, a majority of the Senate, which commissioned the audit, is now against it.
“I wanted to review our election processes and see what, if anything, could be improved,” Ugenti-Rita wrote on Twitter. “Sadly, it’s now become clear that the audit has been botched.”
The review includes a hand count of ballots, the analysis of voter data and a review of ballot-counting machines. It’s being led by Cyber Ninjas, a software security consultant with no election experience before Trump began trying to overturn the 2020 results. Its owner, Doug Logan, has supported the movement to spread false conspiracies about the vote count in battleground states.
On Wednesday night, Logan ended months of silence about who was paying him when he said a whopping $5.7 million had been contributed by political groups run by prominent Trump supporters including Michael Flynn, Sidney Powell, Patrick Byrne and correspondents from One America News Network. The figure dwarfs the $150,000 to be paid by the Senate.
Logan has said he was approaching the review objectively and his own views are irrelevant. Still, Logan appeared in “The Deep Rig,” a conspiratorial film claiming the election was stolen from Trump. The filmmakers were given access to restricted areas of the ballot-counting operation, including the secure area where ballots were stored.
The review’s integrity took another hit when former Secretary of State Ken Bennett, a Republican whose experience in elections lent credibility to the operation, found himself locked out of the building where the audit was underway because he’d given outside election experts data without authorization, he said.
Bennett told a conservative talk-radio host that he was quitting because he was expected to rubber-stamp the findings. Later the same day, he said he was not quitting after all. Senate President Karen Fann, a Republican, agreed Bennett “will have full access to all audit work spaces, procedures, and data.”
When the Cyber Ninjas’ hand count of ballots didn’t match the county’s official tally, a third count was ordered, this time using paper-counting machines to tally the number of ballots but not the winning candidates. The findings have not been released.
Meanwhile, the timeline for a final report, most recently expected in late July, has continued slipping.
Supporters of the effort blame stonewalling by Maricopa County. The county’s Republican leaders refuse to cooperate, saying “competent auditors” have everything they would need to fully review the vote count.
“It is unfortunate that the county has been recalcitrant,” Republican Sen. Warren Petersen, chair of the Judiciary Committee that issued subpoenas, said recently. “That doesn’t breed trust. It slows things down. It makes things difficult.”
Twitter this week suspended audit-related accounts, including the Arizona review’s official account and several others seeking similar reviews in other states. A Twitter spokesperson said the accounts were suspended “for violating the Twitter rules on platform manipulation and spam.”
The U.S. Justice Department has weighed in, warning any state that is looking to conduct an Arizona-style review that they will need to follow federal law that requires officials to retain and preserve election records, including ballot and ballot materials, for 22 months.
Earlier, Justice Department officials had alerted Arizona officials of the federal requirement. At this point, the Justice Department has not taken any public action beyond the letter. A Justice Department spokesperson this week declined to comment further.
“It’s being purported as though this effort is going to build confidence in our elections, when we know that that is not the motivation behind any of this,” said Tammy Patrick, a senior adviser at the Democracy Fund and a former Maricopa County elections official. “Because if that was the case, then they would tell the truth.”
The operation got off to a rocky start on day one. A journalist pointed out that workers were using blue pens in violation of a fundamental rule of election administration. Blue and black pens are strictly prohibited near ballots because those are the colors voters are told to use, creating the potential for workers to manipulate the count.
Days later, a former Republican state lawmaker who lost his reelection bid — and who would have been a Trump elector to the Electoral College had Trump won — was among the workers counting ballots. The auditors chased conspiracy theories, for a time shining ultraviolet lights to look for watermarks on ballots and taking high-resolution photographs to look for evidence, such as bamboo fibers in the paper, that fraudulent ballots from Asia were slipped into the stack.
“The audit process and its eventual results may be utilized to undermine popular confidence in our electoral system nationwide, thereby enabling the disenfranchisement of millions of Americans,” said Ralph Neas, a civil rights attorney and advocate who wrote a report on the audit’s flaws for The Century Foundation. “These are existential threats to our democracy and they have to be stopped in their tracks.”
Associated Press writer Christina A. Cassidy in Atlanta contributed to this report.
At Tokyo Games beach volleyball, anything but business as usual
TOKYO — “Love Rollercoaster” was blaring from the speakers at Shiokaze Park, but for American beach volleyball players Kelly Claes and Sarah Sponcil, it was another ride on the rollercoaster of weirdness as they took on a tough Brazilian team on a stiflingly hot Saturday morning.
Team USA’s youngest-ever beach volleyball team was able to dispatch Ana Patricia Silva Ramos and Rebecca Cavalcanti Barbossa Silva in three sets to win their third straight victory in the Tokyo Olympics and stay in medal contention.
But Tokyo is under a state of emergency because of a rise in Covid-19 cases, so there was only a smattering of applause when it was over. Most of the 12,000 seats were empty.
“Yes,” they answered in unison when asked if they find it jarring to compete to an audience of empty seats.
“We’ve gotten kind of used to it, but it’s still weird,” Claes, her skin glazed with sweat and sand, said after the match. “You can’t feed off their energy, so we have to feed off our energy.”
What’s worse, Sponsil said, is they can’t really cut loose and celebrate. They’re only allowed to spend two hours a day together because Claes, 25, is in quarantine until Sunday.
Why? Because on the flight over to Japan Claes sat near a passenger who tested positive for Covid.
“We’re used to literally being joined at the hip, so that’s hard,” said Sponsil, 24.
Getting into the venue requires passing through a gantlet of security.
Reporters arriving to cover the competition had their temperatures checked not once but twice and had to empty their pockets as they passed through security. Those who brought drinks had to open the bottles and take a sip.
“You must drink,” a smiling but insistent security guard said.
And they had to take the empty bottles with them when they left, because for security reasons, the garbage and recycling cans were sealed with plastic wrap to prevent anybody from using them.
Inside the stadium, a very enthusiastic deejay was blasting a mix of disco, dance music and rock that would have revved up a crowd if there was one.
Some members of sand maintenance team, rakes in hand, were swaying and clapping along to the music. But not the small army of ushers and security guards who outnumbered the athletes and reporters — they were vigorously policing all the empty seats.
When a reporter dared leave his assigned seat for an empty seat in the shade, an usher quickly materialized and shooed him back.
Before Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga declared the state of emergency, fans were given a list of things they would not be allowed to do. One of them was cheering for the athletes because of fears that it could spread Covid.
That rule appeared to be in place on Saturday as the handful of Brazilians and Americans in the stands, mostly people traveling with the Olympic teams, largely refrained from outbursts, tthough, from time to time, there was some enthusiastic clapping by the Brazilians.
Because of the high temperatures that have blanketed Tokyo through much of the Games, maintenance crews have been wetting down the sand at the beach volleyball venue after the competitors complained it was burning their feet.
But neither the Brazilians nor the Americans appeared to be bothered by the steamy conditions as they fought hard for every point.
“Woo,” a smiling Sponsil said after the match.
Claes wiped her brow when she emerged from the venue a few seconds later.
“We knew it was going to be a battle,” she said. “And it was.”
Finger pointing starts after House fails to extend federal eviction ban
Three U.S. agencies have extended federal foreclosure-related eviction moratoria in an effort to protect renters after the House failed to pass legislation that would extend the ban.
Driving the news: House Democratic leaders did not secure enough votes to pass the legislation on Friday, adjourning the chamber for a six-week recess the day before the ban is set to expire. As many as 15 million people could face evictions, per estimates from the Aspen Institute.
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State of play: Democrats were split on how far ahead the ban should be extended, with progressive members accusing more moderate colleagues of prioritizing vacation over evictees.
Rep. Cori Bush (D-Mo.), who has been evicted three times in the past, sent a letter to her colleagues on Friday begging for more empathy.
“I know firsthand the trauma and devastation that comes with the violence of being evicted, and we have a responsibility to do everything we can to prevent this trauma from being inflicted on our neighbors and communities,” Bush wrote.
Some lawmakers also criticized the Biden administration for waiting until the last minute to request action.
President Biden caught them by surprise on Thursday when he urged Congress to extend the ban, according to the Hill.
He said his administration would no longer have the authority to unilaterally make the extension after the Supreme Court ruled that it can’t be extended beyond July 31 without congressional approval.
“That left House Democratic leaders scrambling to round up enough votes in their own caucus, given the widespread opposition from Republicans to extending the moratorium again,” the Hill writes.
Worth noting: Even if House Democrats managed to pass the bill, Senate Republicans would’ve likely killed it.
What they’re saying: “Really, we only learned about this yesterday. Not really enough time to socialize it within our caucus to build … the consensus necessary,” Pelosi told reporters on Friday. “We’ve had beautiful conversations with our members … when it comes, though, to the technicalities of legislation, we just need more time.”
“There were obviously some concerns about landlords getting payments, as well as the renters,” said Majority Leader Steny Hoyer.
What’s happening now: After the House adjourned, the White House attempted to mitigate the situation.
The Agriculture Department, Housing and Urban Development, Veterans Affairs and the Federal Housing Finance Agency announced extensions on their own moratoria.
The agencies urged owners and operators of rental housing to access Emergency Rental Assistance resources to avoid evicting a tenant for failure to pay rent.
“Helping our fellow Americans, including our Veterans, keep their homes will go a long way in making sure that they have one less thing to worry about as they rebuild their lives coming out of this crisis and try to keep their loved ones safe,” the agencies said in a statement.
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Baltimore Aunt Drove Car for a Year With Kids Stuffed in Trunk: Cops
For about a year, a Baltimore woman allegedly drove a car with a gruesome secret: the dead body of her 7-year-old niece stashed in a suitcase in the trunk. Then in May she allegedly cracked the trunk’s lid to dump the body of her 5-year-old nephew beside it.
It wasn’t until months later that police discovered the decomposing bodies of siblings Joshlyn Marie James Johnson and Larry Darnell O’Neal.
Baltimore County Police said in a statement Thursday night that they were grieving over the “unspeakable deaths” after discovering the kids’ bodies when they pulled 33-year-old Nicole Johnson over in a traffic stop late Wednesday.
Police say the brother and sister, weighing just 21 and 18 pounds respectively, were likely malnourished before their death, WBAL reported. Their fragile bodies were brought to the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner to determine a cause of death. Johnson was charged Friday in connection with neglect and abuse that caused the deaths.
“This truly was a devastating incident,” Chief Melissa Hyatt said on Friday afternoon, adding that it shocked the community and had a significant impact on the county’s patrol officers, forensic technicians, and detectives.
In charging documents obtained by local outlets, police allege Johnson told detectives that her sister, Dachelle Johnson, had asked her to look after the kids in 2019 when she was unable to care for them.
The documents allege Johnson said she had grown angry with Joshlyn more than a year ago, hitting her niece several times, resulting in the girl hitting her head. Johnson allegedly told police she put her niece’s body in a suitcase in her car in May 2020, where it has remained ever since.
She allegedly told police that Larry’s body was put in a bag alongside Joshlyn’s a year later, without providing details about how or when he died.
Johnson was charged with multiple counts of neglect and child abuse charges, as well as failing to report the deaths to authorities and unauthorized disposal of their bodies.
According to a probable cause statement obtained by the Baltimore Sun, Johnson was initially issued a citation to appear in court after cops noticed unauthorized tags and registration on her car, and found she had been driving without a license.
The car would be towed, an officer allegedly told Johnson.
It was then, the Sun reported, that Johnson told the officer: “It don’t matter, I won’t be here in five days.”
“Y’all going to see me on the news making my big debut,” she allegedly added.
The officer smelled the decomposing bodies while preparing the car to be towed, according to police documents. Johnson attempted to flee the scene when the officer opened the trunk and uncovered the first body in a suitcase before discovering a second in a plastic bag, the documents said. Johnson was then taken into custody.
One neighbor, Dani Medley, told WBAL that she hadn’t sensed anything was off.
“They always seemed happy. When the young lady dropped them off, they never seemed like something was wrong. They always seemed like happy kids with a lot of energy,” Medley said. “For someone who has been taking care of children for 20 some years, I can’t fathom, I couldn’t fathom.”
Police documents say Dachelle had repeatedly tried to reach her sister after leaving her son and daughter in their aunt’s care in 2019, but had been unsuccessful in finding them until she was told of their deaths, the Sun reported.
Baltimore police are still combing through the details of the case to determine what caused the kids to end up in their aunt’s trunk.
“Due to the nature of this case, it will take time to determine the exact circumstances that led to the children’s deaths,” Baltimore law enforcement said on Friday.
Four vaccinated adults, two unvaccinated children test positive for COVID on Royal Caribbean ship
Six passengers sailing on Royal Caribbean International’s Adventure of the Seas, which departed from Nassau Saturday, have tested positive for COVID-19, Lyan Sierra-Caro, spokesperson for Royal Caribbean, confirmed to USA TODAY Friday.
The tests came back as part of routine, end-of-cruise testing, which is offered as a courtesy by the cruise line since most passengers need to show proof of a negative test in order to return home. Travelers flying to the U.S. from international destinations are required to show proof of a negative COVID test or proof they recovered from the virus within the past three months.
“These guests were quarantined and then retested with a PCR test to confirm their diagnosis,” Sierra-Caro said. PCR and antigen tests were offered to passengers, depending on their destination. The tests that came back positive were rapid tests, and those passengers were retested Thursday or Friday with a PCR test, which is more reliable.
Not all passengers on board Adventure of the Seas have been notified of the COVID-19 cases on board. Close contacts, have been alerted and have been given a PCR test. Friday, the rest of the ship will be alerted through an announcement from the captain, according to Sierra-Caro.
The ship is currently docked in Freeport, Grand Bahama Island, where many passengers have disembarked for activities such as shore excursions. Typically, according to Sierra-Caro, an announcement like this will be made once passengers return to the ship before departing. The ship is scheduled to disembark in Nassau on Saturday, wrapping up a seven-night journey with stops at Royal Caribbean’s private island, Perfect Day at CocoCay, Cozumel, Mexico and Grand Bahama Island.
“Four of the guests, who are not traveling together, are vaccinated, three are asymptomatic and one has mild symptoms,” Royal Caribbean said in a statement provided by Sierra-Caro. “Two of the guests, who are in the same traveling party, are unvaccinated minors and asymptomatic.”
To sail on Adventure of the Seas, passengers 16 and older are required to be fully vaccinated against COVID-19 and to receive a negative test before boarding. Children under 16 must test negative before boarding, too. All crew on board are fully vaccinated.
The passengers who tested positive and their close contacts were quarantined immediately upon receiving test results. The six passengers and their traveling parties will be flown home from Freeport, where the ship is docked, on Friday.
Sierra-Caro noted the passengers will be medically evacuated and taken door to door from ship to home via private transport to a private plane and then home. The transportation will come at no cost to the passengers.
The cruise line instructs COVID-positive passengers to quarantine for 14 days at home and to speak with their doctors.
For others on board the ship, the cruise will remain normal with no quarantining requirement. The ship is carrying 1,182 passengers and 900 crew members on board, including this reporter.
“Our security team has already done all of that and reached out to any close contacts who met that criteria,” Sierra-Caro said. All close contacts tested negative with PCR test results delivered Friday morning.
Royal Caribbean has not yet confirmed whether the cases are of the highly transmissible delta variant but is investigating further, according to Sierra-Caro.
COVID-19 vaccines are highly effective, but they’re not 100% effective. That means a small percentage of people who are fully vaccinated will still get COVID-19 if exposed to the virus that causes it, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, vaccinated people who have breakthrough infections are much less likely to get severely sick or die.
This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: Royal Caribbean cruise: 6 passengers sent home after COVID positive
DeSantis signs onto Supreme Court brief supporting Mississippi effort to toss out Roe v. Wade
Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis joined ten other Republican governors Thursday in asking the Supreme Court to essentially let states ban abortion and regulate it in ways not currently allowed, the Tampa Bay Times reports.
Why it matters: With the court’s newly-installed 6-3 conservative majority, this is the best chance Republicans have had in decades to take on abortion rights.
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What happened: The governors asked the court to reconsider its past decisions in 1973’s Roe v. Wade and 1992’s Planned Parenthood v. Casey.
Those cases established and reaffirmed the national constitutional right to an abortion, though Casey also made it easier for states to regulate abortion.
Another brief filed by 228 congressional Republicans asked the same, writing that the rulings represent “a vise grip on abortion politics.”
The big picture: More abortion restrictions have been enacted across the U.S. this year than in any other, according to a new Guttmacher Institute report.
Local angle: Manatee County’s commissioner recently proposed a bill that would limit or ban abortions there, even though Manatee has no abortion facilities.
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Where have all the workers gone?
Arizona GOP’s ballot count ends, troubles persist
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